Of the living things on the Earth, plants are considered relatively benign and can adapt to almost all habitats of other species. Different from animals, they are almost completely incapable of moving and their actions are taken slowly. However, the fact shows that many of them are called skillful hunters.
In reality, animals have teeth and claws; plants also own thorns and sharp leaves. Here are the names of 10 deadly carnivorous plants around the world that have a great ability to produce unique hunting techniques.
Stagnant pond and slack water have long been known containing little nutrient and own the ecosystem that is less diverse than other environments. In order to compensate for these unchangeable factors, Bladderwort evolves and develops a method of hunting water beetles for additional sources of nutrition.
Small leaves gradually become bladders with only one trapdoor. At first, the water is pumped out of the bladder to create the pressure differential. The trap has many hairs that are attached to the trap door.
As soon as a water beetle accidentally approaches or touches the sensitive hair system near the door, the bladders immediately open up and swallow up the insects.
Within less than a millisecond, the entire bladders are flooded with water. Since then, enzymes are secreted and the body of the insects are dissolved.
Types of parasite
Plants mainly depend on the sunlight for the survival; therefore, they constantly try to be adaptable to survive in a variety of ways, for example, living on a tall and large tree to be exposed to sunlight.
However, a particular pant is not satisfied with such passive survival characteristics. In particular, a seed is dispersed with the help of other factors such as animals. After germinating on the branches of other species, they will gradually strike roots into the ground. When they are able to master control the situation, they will continually grow their roots and lock the target in their own root cage. Then, taller branches and leaf canopies will develop, which hides the host tree from the sunlight. Gradually, the lack of sunlight will cause the death of the host, leaving a positive position for the silent killer to continue to flourish.
Darlingtonia californica also finds out a way to evolve and adjust to the nutrient deficiency in their habitats by looking for insects, amphibians and small animals, then drowning them.
The special leave stems make up the shapes of the mouths of the cups to contain full of rainwater. After that, the chemicals mix with water and become a digestive solution that helps the plant dissolve the prey into absorbable nutrients. In addition, if insects fall into the pit, they have no opportunity to escape because the leaf surface is extremely smooth.
It is certain that for a short period of time, the prey will die of drowning and become a nutritious meal for Darlingtonia californica.
Dionaea Muscipula is considered one of the most respectable names among carnivorous plants. This species is in need of conservation because it only grows in the swamps of North and South of Carolina.
The feature of this land is that the soil contains a small number of nutrients. As a result, they are reluctant to find another way to survive, thereby forming the hunting mechanism, especially insects and spiders. The outer edge of the leaves sprouts sharp teeth combined with a layer of lanugo covering the inner surface.
When an insect crawls into the trap, the trapdoor will collapse and the insect will be under lock. In terms of the mechanism of this tree, the scientists pointed out that if two different hairs are felt within 20 seconds, the trap will be activated. If the insect tries to escape from the trap, the trap will increasingly close tight. After being digested, the insect remains a dead body.
Drosera has a more leisurely way of catching prey. They own the muciparous gland along their leaf surfaces in the form of straight stems with bladders in the head and high adhesion accompanied by sweet sugar to easily seduce yielding insects. Struggling violently to escape from the siege will make the prey be tightly attached to the adjacent parts.
These parts also can move, especially when insects are trapped, they will gradually cover and hold the prey.
Hope that this article helps you to attain more knowledge of the natural world. You can refer to 10 most beautiful flowers in the world.