These animals are severely threatened, even some of them are at a high risk of extinction. It can be said that the existence of humans has caused quite a few problems for the world of nature. Over time, humans have driven countless species into extinction. Although humans are aware of the devastating consequences, the effort to conserve rare species is still not big enough. The poaching together with the climate change is now driving many animals into the death’s door. The following are 6 rare species on the edge of extinction, all of which are named in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
1. Bornean orangutans
Bornean orangutans are indigenous species on Borneo island, Indonesia. They are quite different from ordinary orangutans because of its large face and shorter beard.
As of July 2016, the orangutans were given to the list of endangered species by IUCN. It was calculated that the number of species dropped by 60% since 1950. It is predicted that by 2025, the number will continue to drop by additional 22%.
The cause of the tragedy results from the fact that Bornean orangutans have to suffer from the habitat destruction. In reality, a large amount of forest has been destroyed for the use of human and illegal hunting has spread far and wide. Moreover, Bornean orangutans have low fertility rates; consequently, the conservation of this species becomes increasingly difficult.
2. Sumatran rhinoceros
The Sumatran rhinoceros is the only Asian rhino with two horns. They live in the mountainous areas in Malaysia, Indonesia and Myanmar.
Sumatran rhinoceros along with Javan rhinoceros is also the most endangered rhino in the world. It is estimated that up to this time, only 220 to 275 individuals remain in existence. They are under terrible threat from poaching, which the governments of many countries have not found out a complete solution to stop. Only 15 years later, the remaining rhinoceros will depart from this world.
Pika is a rabbit, but it owns many features that are similar to a mouse. They are indigenous rodents in the mountains of Xinjiang, China.
However, since the discovery in 1983, the number of Pika has dropped by 70%. The reason is that the global warming has a negative effect on Pika’s habitat; as a result, they are reluctant to move to the mountain for a living. In addition, the air pollution caused by human leads to the decrease in the number of species.
4. Giant otter
The giant otter is the largest otter in the world with the body length of up to 1.8 meters. Besides, this is the rarest otter in the world, because the number of species is only a few thousand in nature. Giant otter just can be found in South America. However, they are being hunted excessively by humans because of owning a thick skin with unique designs.
Moreover, the giant otter eats a lot of fish for survival. Meanwhile, the water resources in the Amazon River are heavily polluted by the exploitation of humans. It is noted that a considerable number of otters died from the high concentration of mercury which is used for hunting by humans.
5. Amur leopard
Amur leopard is a beautiful and rare species in Asia but it is also one of the most endangered species of mammals. Now, the estimated population of this species is only 60 individuals in the wild. Not different from other rare species, the cause of this situation is the hunting of humans for skin and fur.
Today, the Amur leopard only exists in the Amur River or Heilong Jiang of Russia, which is a part of Asia. It is they have become extinct in China and Korea.
6. Darwin Fox
Discovered in 1834 by the father of evolution, the Darwin Fox just exists in two areas of Chile including Nahuelbuta national park and Chiloè island.
Darwin Fox is regarded as the umbrella species which is a term used to define very important species of nature. However, this fox is also being threatened. The protection of these species is also synonymous with the preservation of a neighboring ecosystem.
It can be said that the above-mentioned species are in urgent need of protection. It is necessary to find a solution to prevent illegal hunting and protect the natural environment. Hope that this article will be useful for you if you want to get more understanding of the world of animals.